Indian Dance Is The Expression Of India 's Rich Cultural Heritage And Traditions

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Indian dance is the expression of India’s rich cultural heritage and traditions. Mythology, legends, classical literature, nature and everyday life is the basis and inspiration of the movements from Indian dance. Indian dance is separated into two main forms, folk and classical. Indian folk dance is the expression of joy. It is performed regularly, and also on special events, such as to celebrate the arrival of seasons, birth, festivals and weddings. On the other hand, some examples of classical Indian dance are Bharatnatyam, Kathak, Kathakali, Kuchipudi, Manipuri, Mohiniattam and Odissi. The similarities in all the different Classical Indian dance forms are the use of ‘mudras’ or hand signs as a common language of expression and the original dance being performed in temples and their common purpose to entertain Gods and Goddesses. The word 'Bharatnatyam ' is composed of the terms, 'Bhava ' which indicates expression, 'Raga ' which stands for melody, 'Tala ' which means rhythm and lastly ‘Natya ' for dance. Therefore, Bharatnatyam is a communion of expression, melody and rhythm. This essay will focus on the classical Indian dance, Bharatanatyam. It will also explore the historical context, current context and dance elements of Bharatanatyam to conclude on the socio-cultural influences on its development. Bharatanatyam originated from Tami Nadu in Southern India. It is the expression of Hindu religious devotions and themes and is often used in temple worship throughout

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