Indian English

1897 WordsMar 15, 20128 Pages
Features of Indian English Indian English refers to dialects or varieties of English spoken primarily in India and also by Indian Diaspora elsewhere In the world. Due to British colonialism for over two hundred years’ as were used more to British English than to American, Australian or Canadian English. And due to the presence of vernacular languages in our country, English was chosen to be the co-official language of the union of India. Our obvious choice is one of the varieties of British English; which educated southern British English also called as “Received Pronunciation” The reasons for these variations are: · The presence of many vernacular languages · People learn their mother Language first · By the time they start learning…show more content…
Nevertheless, native-English speakers often have difficulties understanding them because of the combination of the pronunciation problems listed above and the use of Hindi intonation patterns. (In Hindi emphasis is accomplished by higher pitch rather than by the heavier articulation that typifies English.) The result of this is the sing-song effect that English spoken by Hindi learners often has on native-English speakers. English usage in India ranges from more or less uniform (national variety) to mutually unintelligible varieties. A number of surveys show that Indians prefer to use and learn Indian English. They consider their English as “good” and “proper.” Also, empirical evidence shows that in North America, Indian English is more readily understood than even the BBC or British varieties. Five notable phonetic and phonological features of Indian English are as follows: (1) Lack of aspiration in the word-initial position: Words such as pin and Kanpur (name of city) are pronounced as pin and kanpur; not as phin and khanpur, respectively; (2) Retroflexion. Alveolar consonants: t, and d are replaced by their corresponding Retroflex consonants (T, D). Therefore, alveolar t and d in the name of the months such as October, September and December are pronounced as OcTober, SepTember, and December; (3) Lack of Interdentals: Words such as thanks and that are pronounced with
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