Indian Freedom Struggle

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INDIAN FREEDOM STRUGGLE Arrival of East India Co in India Shift from traders to Lords Revolt of 1857 Transfer of power from EIC to British Rule Rise of Organized Movement Rise of Indian Nationalism Divide and Rule (Partition of Bengal) Formation of Indian National Congress Jallianwala Baug Massacre Non Co-operation Movement Simon Commission Civil Disobedience Movement Quit India Movement (Second World War and consequences) The East India Company had the unusual distinction of ruling an entire country. Its origins were much humbler. On 31 December 1600, a group of merchants who had incorporated themselves into the East India Company were given monopoly privileges on all trade with the East Indies. The Company's ships first arrived in…show more content…
Queen Victoria's Proclamation of November 1, 1858 declared that thereafter India would be governed by and in the name of the British Monarch through a Secretary of State. The Governor General was given title of Viceroy, which meant the representative of the Monarch. Queen Victoria assumed the title of the Empress of India (1877) and thus gave the British Government unlimited powers to intervene in the internal affair of the Indian states. In brief, the British paramountcy over India, including the Indian States, was firmly established. The British gave their support to the loyal princes, zamindar and local chiefs but neglected the educated people and the common masses. They also promoted the other interests like those of the British merchants, industrialists, planters and civil servants. The people of India, as such, did not have any say in running the government or formulation of its policies. Consequently, people's disgust with the British rule kept mounting, giving rise to organized movements. RISE OF NATIONALISM (formation of INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS) he decades following the Rebellion were a period of growing political awareness, manifestation of Indian public opinion and emergence of Indian leadership at national and provincial levels. Dadabhai Naoroji formed East India Association in 1867, and Surendranath Banerjeefounded Indian National Association in 1876. Inspired by a suggestion made by A.O.
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