Indian Health Service Essay

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The Indian Health Service (IHS) is a healthcare program within the Department of Health and Human Services. (Agency Overview n.d.) It provides federal health services to eligible American Indians and Alaska Natives at IHS facilities. (Agency Overview n.d.) Services that IHS provide include medical, dental and vision, ancillary services, such as laboratory and pharmacy, specialty care which include services provided by the physician or specialist. (Agency Overview n.d.) The factors that affect the type of health care depend on the community needs, level of funds and whether treatment is medically necessary (Marx n.d.) American Indians and Alaska Natives can receive direct care at hospitals, health centers and they may be federally or …show more content…
Since this passage of new treaties and laws, many Supreme Court decisions have been passed. The IHS offers comprehensive health coverage for approximately 1.9 million American Indians and Alaska natives who belong to 564 federally recognized tribes in 35 states (Definition of Indian Health Service Definition 2012). The federal system consists of 29 hospitals, 68 health centers and 41 health stations (Definition of Indian Health Service Definition 2012). There are 33 urban Indian health providers in a variety of health and referral services (Definition of Indian Health Service Definition 2012). All 29 IHS operated hospitals are accredited by the Joint Commission or Certified by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (Definition of Indian Health Service Definition 2012).
There have been many acts, treaties and legislation that have been passed which have had a direct impact on the Indian Health Services. I am only going to focus on four of them. I am concentrating on the Snyder Act of 1921, the Transfer Act of 1954, the Indian self-Determination and Education Assistance Act and the Indian Health Care Improvement Act. The Snyder Act was made into a law on 1921 and it states “Congress may from time to time appropriate for the benefit, care, and