Indian Rebellion Research Paper

Decent Essays
The Portuguese were the first group of Europeans to enter Indian shores under Vasco da Gama in 1498. Goa, Bombay, Daman and Diu were set up as trading posts in India by the Portuguese. Goa remained a base until 1961, when it was seized by the Republic of India. The Portuguese were followed by the Dutch, who set up their main base in Ceylon, present day Sri Lanka; the British with their base in Surat and the French. Colonisation in India occurred due to the internal conflicts within the various ruling dynasties of India. European traders established political influence and acquired vast proportions of land, eventually controlling coastal regions of south and east India. All such territories under the traders were eventually lost to the British…show more content…
The three Carnatic wars gained the British exclusive control over the Carnatic region of the country. The Anglo wars brought the kingdom of Mysore, regions under the Maratha confederacy, kingdoms of north east India, Punjab and north west frontier province, Nepal, Berar and the state of Oudh under British rule. By the second half of the nineteenth century, the British had exclusive control over most parts of the Indian subcontinent, including present day Bangladesh and Pakistan. The oppressive British rule over India for nearly a century resulted in mass uprisings and revolts against the Company that culminated in the Revolt of 1857. The result of this rebellion was that power over India was transferred from the East India Company to the British Crown. The Indian Penal Code and reforms in the field of education came into being post 1857. Under the British Raj, Indian economy and population grew at a steady rate of 1%. At the onset of the twentieth century, Indian private industry began to expand. Religious divisions in Indian society came to the forefront at this time; these divisions resulted in the formation of socio religious bodies like the All India Muslim League, Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha, Rashtriya
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