Indian Removal Act Of 1830

Good Essays
Tanner Barnett
Professor Jennifer De Maio
Pols 355/FA 2015
20 October 2015
Indian Removal Act of 1830 The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was an act that helped aid the expansion of the United States population into the southernmost states, occupied mainly by Native Americans. The act was a long time coming, especially with President Andrew Jackson, a long-time proponent of Native American removal, at the helm. This paper explores the history leading up to the law, the introduction and passage, as well as the sometimes-tragic implementation of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The early 1800s was a time of great expansion in the United States, stemming largely from the purchase of the Louisiana territory from France in 1803. These lands, however, were inhabited by what is known as the “Five Civilized Tribes” of Native Americans, the Creek, Choctaw, Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Seminole nations. They were called “Civilized,” in particular, because they had implemented writing systems, many were fully literate, had schools, and learned English. These tribes were more assimilated than any others had been, and were considered still savages by Anglo Americans. The occupation of these lands led to a policy of removal, beginning in 1830, that aimed to “separate the [Native Americans] from immediate contact with settlements of whites; free them from the power of the States; enable them to pursue happiness in their own way and under their own rude institutions” (Jackson 1829). In other
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