Indian School of Paintings

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We find Jain style in the four paintings of Jins (Jain Gods) in the Sittanvasala caves in 700A.D. The oldest examples of this school are the paintings of parshwa-Nath, Nemi-Nath and Rish-Nath etc, 20 Tirthankars in “KalKacharya Katha” and “Kalpa Sutra”. Most of the Jain paintings were done Black & white 10th&15th century. These paintings have been mostly executed on Tala-Patra. There was an article “Jain on Dwara Pallavit Chitrakala” in the “Vishal Bharat” written by Muni Kanti sagar in which he has mentioned these paintings to have been painted on Tala-Patra, paper and cloth.

In the Frayer atr gallery of Washington a manuscript o cloth named “Vasant vilas” was found which has been quoted as belonging to
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This School started at the inspiration of the Britishers as they taught new technique of water color to these artists and got the paintings done in the same style. But as these artists were of Mugal school. We find a mixture of Mugal and western art in Patna School which were of middle standard. Color and shading was of Europeon style and were considered of lower standard by the Britishers by their false propagainda. Artist started learning their wash technique of water color. The artist who copied Britishers art was rewarded accordingly. This way the Patna School got started. The artist who properly copied the Britisher’s style was given the title of Company’s painter and was encouraged.
According to Raja Rajeshwar Prasad Singh, Patna school was born in 19th century. The paintings,that the King and rich people of Patna got painted by the artist in there shelter were actually the work of Patna school. It does not look proper to call those paintings were done under the Britishers as belonging to Patna school.
The name of Sewak Ram is important among the painters of that age along with Shiv Lal, Hulas Lal, Thumak Lal, Fakir Chand Lal and Jai Ram Das (1830-50).
Shri Ram Krishan Das is of the opinion that the name, Patna School is in appropriate as the painting were popular in the whole country mainly in Bengal, Punjab, Maharashtra, west
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