India's Population Growth Problem and Its Consequences Essay

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The population of India is in trouble. They are facing widespread overpopulation and the second largest AIDS epidemic in the world. The objective is to point out the differences in Indian and US population compositions, total fertility rates, economic conditions, disease control policies, growth, and literacy rates. These comparisons will help to put India's population problems in perspective. Together, these two countries house the second and third largest populations on the Earth. To put it in perspective, of the 6.1 billion people who exist on earth, seventeen percent are either Indians or Americans (Haub, 3). If India continues to experience high growth rates and spreading disease they will be in ruins. Composition…show more content…
This is important to mention because there have been accusations of selective abortion of females based on a preference for males. The age structure in the US is well distributed between young and old with most of the population being between 15-64 years of age, the ?working age,? and the number that most countries use to determine unemployment levels. As can be seen there are a large number of working aged Americans, this benefits the US economy and provides the country with a large resource pool. Notice that in India the population does consist of a large working age class. The difference is more than a third of the country is under the age of fourteen. Fertility Differences In the United States there is a total fertility rate of around 2.1 and an infant mortality rate of 7.1 deaths per every 1000 children born up to age 1 year (Haub, 4). The children produced under this fertility rate grow up to populate the US to the tune of seventy-seven people per square mile of land, with a life expectancy average of 77 years. The large Indian youth population points to an obviously inflated TFR. India has to contend with a larger 3.1 total fertility rate, which is almost 168% that of the United States. This puts a burden on the government and community to raise and sustain those children and provide necessary nourishment. This task is apparently difficult when we look at the infant mortality rate of 70. India?s mortality

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