Indigenous African Religions

1192 Words 5 Pages
South-Africans have always prided themselves on how rich and diverse their country is. This beautiful country consists of many different cultures each so diverse but yet influencing each other in such an immense way. In this essay I will be critically analyzing both the San hunter-gatherers and the Bantu speaking farmers in every aspect of their unique cultures; how these two groups met and how they influenced each other. I will also discuss the influence the Colonists had on indigenous African cultures and if it is appropriate to refer to all the indigenous cultures as one collective group of people by discussing what these two groups (San hunter-gatherers and Bantu speaking people) have in common. Since there are no written records of …show more content…
These trances where reached by trance dances around a night fire by both men and women although mostly it was by men. This group of people did not believe in ancestral spirits and had no special way of burial. The San people had an egalitarian social structure with no kings and chiefs, all living equally on the land they believed everybody owned. The San where humble peaceful people, using only what they needed.

The Bantu speaking farmers.
The Bantu speaking farmers came to southern-Africa around the 10th century as a strong group of people, with more developed weapons and social structures. They believed in one Supreme Being, who created and maintained everything, they did not worship this Supreme Being. They did however believe in ancestral spirits who greatly influenced their lives. If the ancestral spirits would become angry they would offer them beer and/or animal sacrifice followed by a communal meal with extended family to keep the spirits happy. As far as rituals go the Bantu speaking people have life cycle rituals for example birth, they believe that a child is born from the spirit realm into its new home. Because this is considered dangerous the woman giving birth need to be in isolation for ten days accompanied by married women. Another life cycle ritual is initiation for adolescents who are entering adulthood by teaching boys to be good husbands and warriors and girls to be good wives and homemakers.
Open Document