Individualism is a particular ideology or social understanding that human beings are the most

700 Words3 Pages
Individualism is a particular ideology or social understanding that human beings are the most pivotal in nature and that each individual is presumed to pursue his or her own needs and requirements in order to progress accordingly. Freedom, respect, equality; these are the values of self-determination and self-reliance which is what individualism is all about. The father of Classical Liberalism, John Locke as cited by Salvadori (1959) once said:
"Man being born, as has been proved, with a title to perfect freedom, and an uncontrolled enjoyment of all the rights and privileges of the law of nature, equally with any other man, or number of men in the world, hath by nature a power, not only to preserve his property, that is, his life, liberty
…show more content…
Due to this same reason, individuals are political sovereign as well, who are not subjects of any power above them. This can be understood from the two functions of the government, one negative and one positive. Its negative function has been to prevent private violence, to protect life and property, to enact criminal law and secure its enforcement and its positive function was to fulfill of common desires of its citizens as a whole (Russell, 1996). This ultimately leads to the idea of individual rights such as life, liberty and property which is naturally ascribed to every adult human being.
However, individualism has its own controversial shortcomings as well. Due to its individualistic perspective, the independence of human beings are heavily exaggerated which rejects the existence of a society. Individualism is taken to be an antisocial, atomistic, hedonistic and morally subjectivist account of human life similar to the philosophy of Thomas Hobbes. This discredits the traditional forms of human community, dissolving traditional human ties and to impoverish social and cultural relationships. According to Plato cited by Machan (1998), beings manifest in this world to be imperfect versions of the perfect rendition of this being in a concrete universal. It is in fact impossible to achieve this superior legacy to its actual estimation of it here in this world and that
Open Document