Individualist vs Collectivist Cultures Essay

700 Words 3 Pages
Culture Dimensions
Cultural dimensions are developed by the Dutch social psychologist Geert Hofstede. The framework aims for a better understanding of cultures and the values and behavior of its members. The theory is based on large surveys within IBM in the 1970s and studies how values in the workplace are influenced by culture. Hofstede found clear patterns of similarity with people from the same country and differences between different countries which can be arranged in following dimensions:

Individualism versus Collectivism (IDV)
This refers to the strength of the ties people have to others within the community. People in individualist cultures focus primarily on themselves and their direct relatives. Membership in groups is optional an is not seen as essential to one's identity or success. People in collectivist cultures represent a preference for a tightly-knit framework of group memberships. The sense of oneself comes from membership and role in a group, such as one's family, tribe or team. Group members are relatively close but distant toward non-group members. This dimension reflects whether people’s self-image is defined primarily in terms of ‘I’ or ‘We’.

Power Distance Index (PDI)
This dimension expresses the accepted and expected distribution of power. In cultures with low power distance, people expect to take part in the process of decision-making. The decisions of leaders are more democratic and power and responsibility is shared among people. Decisions…