Industrial And Bio Energy Needs

798 Words Mar 21st, 2016 4 Pages
I. Introduction
The world’s population is projected to grow to 9 billion from existing 7 billion by the year 2050. To accommodate the dietary needs of the population, the world’s food production must be increased by about 70% to close that gap. [1] The agricultural sector will face the following significant challenges to achieve this production capacity: While the amount of arable land cannot increase without creating further ecological imbalance, it competes with urbanization, industrial and bio-energy needs. Unreliable weather and changing climate conditions is causing temperature fluctuations, affects availability of fresh water for irrigation (through rainfall, ground water or other waterbodies) and reduced soil fertility. Poorly managed supply chain accounts for a loss of about 1/3rd of the world’s food production. In addition, there is a labor shift away from agriculture in favor for higher paying jobs in urban areas. [2]
The green revolution beginning in the 20th century was characterized by mechanization of agriculture (e.g. tractors, combine harvesters and reapers), genetic engineering of plants and animals and improved fertilizer use. Information will be central in the new wave of agricultural revolution to achieve food security. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) will support agriculture by helping us manage our limited natural and artificial resources (soil, land, water and fertilizer); exchange and dissemination of information to benefit farmers…
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