Industrial Disputes

3448 Words14 Pages
Contents 1.0 Introduction 2 1.1 What is a dispute? 2 1.2 Causes of Industrial Disputes 2 2.0 Settlement of Disputes 3 2.1 Voluntary Methods 4 2.1.1 Collective Bargaining 4 2.1.2 Trade union 5 2.1.3 Joint Consultations 5 2.1.4 Standing Orders 6 2.1.5 Grievance Procedure 7 2.1.6 Code of Discipline 8 2.2 Statutory Measures 10 2.2.1 Works Committee 10 2.2.2 Conciliation 10 2.2.3 Voluntary Arbitration 11 2.2.4 Adjudication 12 1.0 Introduction 1.1 What is a dispute? • Academically speaking, industrial dispute refers to any conflict between employees and employers, between employers and employers and between employees and employees. • But in reality, dispute is…show more content…
A strong union can protect the employees’ interest relating to wages, benefits, job security, etc. Some of the examples are as under: Craft Unions – supports skilled craftsmen, e.g. Musicians’ Union Industrial Unions – grew from traditional heavy industrial e.g. Union of Shop, Distribution Workers (USDAW) General Unions – usually semi-skilled and unskilled workers e.g. GMB White Collar Unions – people working in clerical jobs e.g. UNISON 2.1.3 Joint Consultations To prevent industrial disputes, two ways of joint consultation are adapted – works committees and Joint management councils. Works Committees • Greater participation to workers in day-to-day affairs. • Ensures close mutual interaction between labour and management. • Generates a cooperative atmosphere for negotiations between the two parties. • Opens the door for unions to have a clear view of what is going on within the unit. • Strengthens the spirit of voluntary settlement of disputes. A number of issues come under the purview of works committees like wages, benefits, bonus, hours of work, terms and condition of employment, welfare measures, training, transfers, etc. The Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO, Jamshedpur) was the first to create a works committees way back in 1920. Till the end of Second World War, employers have not realized the importance of works committees and as
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