Industrial Farm Animal Production ( Ifap )

2276 Words Oct 10th, 2014 10 Pages
Industrial Farm Animal Production
Introduction
Industrial farm animal production (IFAP) is a recent development in the history of agriculture. This essay outlines benefits of and criticisms against IFAP, and attempts to analyse this system of production against the framework of Marxist theory.
For thousands of years, domestic animals use as meat was secondary to their exploitation for renewable purposes such as milk, wool, traction, riding, and pack transport. These other purposes were prioritised until an animal reached the end of its useful life.
Agricultural innovations in the late 19th century paralleled developments in mass production in other industries. The discovery and development of vitamin supplements in the early 20th century allowed farmers to raise chicken indoors, and the use of antibiotics and vaccines reduced disease, allowing livestock to be raised in larger numbers. Chemicals developed for use in World War II gave rise to synthetic pesticides, and developments in shipping networks made the distributing agricultural produce over long distances possible.
Global agricultural production doubled four times between 1820 and 1975. Intensification of animal production was seen as a way of providing food security and better nutrition. Pigs and cows began to be raised on factory farms in 1960s North America. Production shifted from the traditional model of extensive decentralised family farms to a more concentrated system of fewer producers and much larger…

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