Industrial Relations

4657 Words Oct 3rd, 2010 19 Pages
Conceptual Framework of Employment Relations

UNIT 2

EVOLUTION OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS AND CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS

Objectives
After going through this unit, you should be able to: l l

explain the historical perspective of industrial relations in India; appreciate the impact of globalisation, technological changes, and other forces on industrial relations; identify the issues and challenges confronting industrial relations in India.

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Structure
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 Introduction Industrial Relations in India Government’s Role Current Developments Industrial Relations Scenario Issues and Challenges Summary Self-Assessment Questions Further Readings

2.1

INTRODUCTION

In order to understand the issues and problems associated
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The close of the First World War gave a new twist to the labour policy, as it created certain social, economic and political conditions that raised new hopes among the people for a new social order. There was intense labour unrest because workers’ earnings did not keep pace with the rise in prices and with their aspirations. The constitutional developments in India led to the election of representatives to the Central and Provincial legislatures who took a leading role in initiating social legislation. The establishment of International Labour Organisation (ILO) in 1919 greatly influenced the labour legislation and industrial relations policy in India. The emergence of trade unions in India, particularly the formation of All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) in 1920 was another significant event in the history of industrial relations in our country. Second Phase: The policy after the First World War related to improvement in the working conditions and provision of social security benefits. During the two decades following the war, a number of laws were enacted for the implementation of the above policy. The Trade Disputes Act, 1929 sought to provide a conciliation machinery to bring about peaceful settlement of disputes. The Royal Commission on Labour (192931) made a comprehensive survey of labour problems in India, particularly the working conditions in the context of health, safety, and welfare of the workers and made certain recommendations of
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