preview

Industrial Revolution Research Paper

Decent Essays

The industrial revolution is a time in history between the 18th to 19th centuries and a period in which the agricultural based, rural in Europe and America became industrialized and urbanized.
Before the industrial revolution, that took place in Britain, during the late 1700s, Britain had many natural resources like coal to fuel machines, iron ore to construct machines, and buildings. At that time, many people lived in small, rural communities and majority of them worked on the land owned by the Lords. These people used hand tools or simple machines in their home for manufacturing but this changed to powered, special-purposed machinery, factories, and mass production. The textile industry for example, the processes of carding wool, spinning …show more content…

First, it improved the quality of life for the people but ended up causing them to suffer. It also brought a high volume and a variety of factory produced goods that raised the standards of living for many people especially the middle and upper classes. However, the poor or working-class people suffered many challenges. The poor or working-class people that worked in the factories earned low wages under dangerous and tedious conditions. Children were used improperly since they had to work in the factories for long hours with little pay. Many women and children had to work in the coal mines for a cheap source of income. Many people had to move to the cities in search of factory jobs. Cities grew quickly with no plans for development. There were no sewer systems and no sanitary codes and building codes. It produced inadequate housing, education and law enforcement. Garbage piled up in the streets off the cities. People lived in unhygienic conditions in tight environments that led diseases to spread faster. The average lifespan at the time was 17 years in the cities as compared to 38 in the rural areas. There were not enough jobs for everyone so it led to overcrowding in urban areas and pollution with unsanitary conditions that caused diseases. The ones that found jobs were required to work 14 hours a day, 6 hours a week, had no off days. The factory buildings were low lit, dirty, unsafe and cramped with dangerous machines. They were also

Get Access