Industrial Revolution and the Crime Conundrum Essay

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Industrial Revolution and the Crime Conundrum The Industrial Revolution was a period of great change; all through out the world people were flocking in hundreds upon thousands out of the villages and into the city. In Britain the population shot up from “10 million in 1750 to 42 million in 1900” ("Crime and Punishment," par 1). Life in these cities was not only new, but also down right difficult to adjust to, people lived in overcrowded housing, disease was everywhere, and working conditions were unsafe. The people who moved into London, and other industrial cities, during the second Industrial Revolution were poor and desperate. As more and more people moved into the already packed and overcrowded cities did the crime rate rise? If it…show more content…
For the context of this paper one must assume that Philips was correct in that, there was in fact a rapid rise in crime rates. Scholars and inhabitants of the time alike tended to pin the reason for the increase on a variety of specific factors. However it is more plausible that the various factors they presented—be it increased alcoholism, a weak police force, overcrowding, and others—are all have one thing in common; they can be attributed to the vast socio-economic changes happening in London during the time period of the second industrial revolution. Overcrowding and its Consequences It was suspected during the time period that overcrowding was the cause of the increased crime rate. People saw that the population growth—must like the popularity of gin—coincided with the rise crime. As London became an industrial city it needed a more unskilled workers to power its “textile, iron, metal goods, and pottery production” factories (“Crime and Punishment” par 2). This caused unskilled workers from “small rural towns” and “villages” into the city in hopes of finding work ("Crime and Punishment," par 1). This may seem like a good idea, but unfortunately the population of the city rose quicker than expected and thus hadn’t had an adequate amount of time to adjust to the booming population growth—over 400 percent in just 50 years ("Crime and Punishment," par 1). One of the most obvious shortcomings was London’s police

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