Industrialisation in India

2972 Words Jun 30th, 2011 12 Pages
The effect of Industrialisation shown by rising income levels since 1500. The graph shows the gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita between 1500 and 1950 in 1990 International dollars for selected nations. [1]

Industrialisation (orindustrialization) is the process of social and economic change that transforms a human group from anagrarian society into an industrialone. It is a part of a widermodernisation process, where social change and economic developmentare closely related with technologicalinnovation, particularly with the development of large-scale energyand metallurgy production. It is the extensive organisation of aneconomy for the purpose ofmanufacturing.[2]

Industrialisation also introduces a form of
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For example, in medieval Europe, 80% of the labour force was employed in subsistenceagriculture.

Some pre-industrial economies, such as classical Athens, had trade and commerce as significant factors, so native Greeks could enjoy wealth far beyond a sustenance standard of living through the use of slavery. Famines were frequent in most pre-industrial societies, although some, such as the Netherlands and England of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Italian city states of the fifteenth century, the medieval Islamic Caliphate, and the ancient Greek and Roman civilisations were able to escape the famine cycle through increasing trade and commercialisation of the agricultural sector. It is estimated that during the seventeenth century Netherlands imported nearly 70% of its grain supply and in the fifth century BC Athens imported three quarters of its total food supply.[citation needed]

Industrialisation through innovation in manufacturing processes first started with the Industrial Revolution in the north-west and Midlands of England in the eighteenth century.[11] It spread to Europe and North America in the nineteenth

Industrial revolution in Western Europe

Main article: Industrial Revolution
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Aplerbecker Hütte, an industrialised area ofDortmund, Germany around 1910. The old town can be seen beyond and some remaining agricultural land is in the foreground
In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries,
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