Industrialization And Social Change During World War II

3764 Words16 Pages
Since the founding of the founding of the United States in 1776, American law enforcement has evolved significantly. As the US developed and changed, the criminal justice system changed and experienced different focuses in operation. Since the first public police organization was founded in 1844 to today with 90% of all American of municipalities with a population of 2,500 or more having their own police forces, the US policing complex has seen many changes (Eskridge 81). Urbanization and social change have greatly impacted policing. Starting in World War II the US populous has steadily shifted from rural to urban areas. In response to this change the percentage of police officers employed in urban areas rose from 68% in 1977 to 82% in 1982 (Eskridge 81). Not only has the locational focus changed for policing, but changes in professionalism and technology have also impacted how police departments operate. The number of law enforcement training academies has grown exceptionally and today nearly all police departments use computers compared to only one in 1964 (Eskridge 82). These dramatic changes that police departments have encountered not only represent the evolution of policing but also the evolution of the democratic state. Law enforcement has seen its focus change throughout its evolution, currently there are five primary functions of policing: emergency arm of the community, gatekeepers, awareness agents, mediators, and moral censors (Eskridge 83). These functions

More about Industrialization And Social Change During World War II

Get Access