Industrialization Of The Industrial Revolution

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The industrial revolution began in the 1700s and was the time when Europe and America became urbanised and industrial. Many people living in the countryside moved to the towns and cities where they could find more available jobs due to the development of machinery in the industries. These industries continued to expand due to the mass production of energy sources and raw materials. This increased the production of resources such as cotton and created a new era filled with technology. People who lived in the countryside and could not find jobs or afford food, moved to the urban areas where they were able to live comfortably and provide for their families. However, as rapid urbanisation occurred and the population in Britain increased dramatically, newcomers found that the available jobs gave little pay, therefore everyone in the family had to work hard. The government then decided to make child labour a compulsory system in all towns. In 1750, children from the age of 8 were forced to work in many industries such as iron, textiles, cotton and colliery. There was a higher percentage of working young children than teenagers and adults (86% of the workers in factories were under 14 years old and 14% were over ) as they were easier to train and manage, their small physique helped them fit into small spaces, and the government was able to pay them a minimum wage of 3-4 pence (less than 10 cents) a day. Many workers were orphans and did not get paid at all, the owners of the
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