Industrialization in Great Britain: A New Era

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An era of new beginnings was created when industrialization swept through Great Britain starting in the 1760’s. This vast transition included a change in hand production to machine production, brand new chemical and iron production processes, an improvement in water power, major increases in the use of steam power, the development of machine tools, and the conversion towards coal as the major source of fuel. Not only was “he Industrial Revolution an evolving transformation in many sectors of the economy” (Atkins 1), but across the board, aspects of daily life were changed by the Industrial Revolution, and it led to not only economic prosperity, but radical social changes and increased political stratification. The Industrial Revolution…show more content…
And finally, there was the Ten Hours Bill of 1847, which limited the working hours to 10 per day for women and children. (Tuttle 12). All of these changes impacted how factories were run, and improved the lives of the factory working families. Also, the Industrial Revolution led to the beginnings of organized labor groups, and the creation of the first trade unions, in order to help advance the interests of working people. The power within a union could demand better terms by withdrawing all labor and causing a consequent cessation of production. This ability meant that the normal working man or woman had the ability to combine forces with their fellow workers to fight back against the much more wealthy and powerful factory owners. Working people also formed friendly societies and co-operative societies as support groups against times of economic hardships. These conjoined forces gave immense power to workers, through the ability to strike, although there were many legal attempts to stop these insurrections. With laws passed to limit the power of the unions, its showed a rise against the power of the middle class. Finally, the Industrial Revolution effect the political stratification of Great Britain during this era. The creation of the House of Lords and House of Commons was before the Industrial Revolution, however with the evolution of the working class due to technological advancements gave the House of Commons more power. The Great Reform Act of 1832
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