Essay on Inequality

3075 Words13 Pages
Inequality In any society, actions taken in the name of the nation state need to be seen as ‘just’ in order to preserve legitimacy. When they are not seen as just then we get discontent and then often challenges to the authority of the state. We could argue that in simple terms, society is held together in part, by a type of social contract whereby individuals agree to abide by state law in return for the protection of the state. In order for this to work however, the majority of people would need to believe both that the law is generally beneficial to them, and that the administration of the law is fair and just. The presence of inequality in this process would suggest that some have a…show more content…
* The innocent must be acquitted even if this means acquitting some guilty people in the process. A type of criminal justice ideal..as is based on formal objective judgements based upon known rules…Ideal that inequality should not exist. In the next three perspectives we see that subjective judgements can come into play: Crime control: Associated with attitudes if the police ====================================================== * The aim of the criminal court is first and foremost to repress criminal conduct, and is thus a guardian of law and order rather than of impartial justice. * The guilty must be convicted even at the risk of convicting some who are innocent and of infringing some civil liberties. * Formal rules and procedures are seen as obstacles standing in the way of convicting the ‘guilty’. (clever lawyers get the guilty off due to criminal procedures!) * Associated with a traditional conservative view of the function of the CJS. Here we see the potential for inequality to creep into the CJS…clearly some types/groups of people are more likely to have their civil liberties infringed than others. As certain types are seen as problematic it becomes ‘just’ to infringe their
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