Inequality is a Fact of Life and Yet Condemned as an Offense to Civilized Society

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Inequality is presumed to be a fact of life and condemned as an offence to civilised society. The debates associated with inequality have changed over time and have been portrayed in different contexts. Inequalities can be distinguished in terms of whether they are inequalities of opportunity, inequalities of outcome, inequalities of access or inequalities in entitlement (Platt 2011). Inequality is also differentiated as to whether they are just or unjust, avoidable or unavoidable, or naturally or artificially sustained. These uses often create contradictions or confusions that allow for different understandings of inequality to operate side by side. “One person’s equality is another’s inequality” (Platt 2011).

Gender is the differences between men and women that have being socially produced (Holmes 2007). Gender is the economic, social, political and cultural attributes and opportunities that are linked with being male and female. Men and women vary in the activities they participate in, the resources they control and have access to, and in decision making processes. Gender equality involves the concept that both men and women are free to develop their personal abilities and make their own choices without being labelled with a stereotype, gender role or prejudice (Vassiliou 2009). Gender inequality is seen as a ranking order between men and women in material resources, power and status. This system benefits men over women (Ridgeway 2011). Gender inequality is seen more
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