Infancy, School Age, early Adulthood

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Developmental Stage Assessments Infancy, School Age, Early Adulthood Developmental Stage Assessments The “Eight Stages of Man,” a developmental theory created by Erik Erikson, has received praise and criticism as a model of psychosocial development. As a student of Anna Freud, daughter of Sigmund Freud, Erikson based his model on Freud’s psychosexual stages and psychoanalytic theory. According to Freud’s theory, psychosexual development is broken down into five stages: oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. Freud’s psychoanalytic theory proposes that personality consists of three interworking parts - the id, the ego and the superego, and that these parts become unified as a child works through the five stages of psychosexual development. However, Erikson believed that development continued throughout life, a viewpoint supported by Professor James E. Marcia. Erikson's psychosocial stages of development focus on the resolution of crises to meet needs and become a successful, complete person. Critics debate the sequential aspect of Erikson’s model, however, Erikson stated that the phases are listed in a manner in which the predominant aspects are most evident. Erikson’s statement held true after interviewing the a young adult, a mother of an infant, and a school age child covering three stages of development. Infancy – Clarissa The first stage of development reflects a period of total dependency by the
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