Infancy and Early Childhood Development

1399 Words6 Pages
Infancy and Early Childhood Development
Cynthia Miranda
PSY 375
July 2, 2012
Dr. Aneta Bhojwani

Infancy and Early Childhood Development Every human being begins developing in one way or another, from the moment they come into this world. Development and all its aspects begin in infancy and continue throughout one’s entire lifetime. It is a common belief that infants and young children are influenced by the environment that surrounds them. Cognitive and social aspects of development are shaped and molded at an early age, as well as language, speech, perception, and motor skills. A young child’s life is influenced by parents and family members, which is why they have a significant impact on the child’s development. When a
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Infants need an adequate amount of care, affection, attention and intellectual stimulation to develop properly. The caregiver’s level of involvement in a child’s life not only influences the child’s psychological development but can also affect the child’s biological development (Belsky, 2008). If an infant is not properly stimulated for an extended period, he or she may experience difficulty developing sensations, motor skills, and perceptions, at a proper level. Just as an adult cannot learn something new without being taught, the same important principle also applies to infancy and early childhood development. Parenting Styles There are different styles of parenting styles. The four primary styles are: authoritarian, permissive, uninvolved, and authoritative. Each parenting style is unique and has characteristics that are distinct to that particular style, and that apply to the way in which parent raise their children. Parents whose parenting style falls under the authoritarian approach, are typically overbearing and do not feel the need to explain themselves to the child. A child raised in an authoritarian atmosphere does not enjoy much freedom and rarely makes decisions for him or herself. The authoritarian approach may potentially backfire and cause the child to ultimately rebel against the parents or other authority figures (Livestrong,
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