Infant Mortality Rate ( Imr )

872 WordsJul 13, 20164 Pages
Infant mortality rate (IMR) in the US has been much higher than many industrialized countries as well as some of the underdeveloped countries. Some of the differences (about 40%) in the IMR can be explained by variations in reporting of fetal and infant death, measurement techniques and so on (Chen, A., Oster, E., Williams, H., 2015). Moreover, high rate of premature birth (births in less than 37 weeks of gestation) in the US, is also a major contributor to high IMR. However, according to the research by Chen and Williams found that the 60% cannot be explained by those differences. Infant Mortality Rate is an important indicator of the effectiveness of overall health system. In developed countries, birth defects, prematurity and other conditions of the pregnancy are the main factors contributing to levels of IMR. Due to the current trend of deferring the pregnancy as well as an upsurge of fertility treatments (IVF) raised the chance of having a multiple birth. Moreover, the chance of premature birth is significantly increased with IVF treatment. In the US, IMR differs among some segments of the population, with the highest IMR among unmarried, African-American and low educated women (Chen, A., Oster, E., Williams, H., 2015). Although, multiple analysis supports negative a relationship between IMR and health spending, many of the low health spending nations have much better outcomes when it comes to IMR than countries with high level of health care expenditures. Therefore,
Open Document