Infection Control Essay

2666 Words Mar 9th, 2013 11 Pages
Nursing Procedures Followed to Control and Prevent Nosocomial / Hospital Acquired Infection’s (HCAI’S)

Table of Contents
Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………Page 1
Essay……………………………………………………………………….……………Page 2 – 7
Reference List………………………………………………………………….……….Page 8 The Nursing Procedures Followed to Control and Prevent Nosocomial / Hospital Acquired Infection’s (HCAI’S)

This essay will explore the subject Infection Control and how Healthcare Professionals control and prevent nosocomial or hospital acquired infections (HCAI’s), defined as an “infection whose development is favoured by a hospital environment, such as one acquired by a patient during a hospital visit or one developing among hospital staff” Oxford Dictionary
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Due to the staphylococcus aureus strains becoming antibiotic-resistant towards penicillin alternative treatments were developed, meticillin, cloxacillin and flucloxacillin, from using penicillin as its base and are able to treat such infections.

A service user who may be considered as compromised are those individuals that are more vulnerable and therefore at a greater risk to infection, an example of which is a service user with reduced immunity. These said service users or individuals would make it far easier for pathogens to enter the body than it would of a healthy individual. Another factor that would make it far easier for these pathogens to enter would be the use of an invasive device and/or procedure that bypasses the body’s normal and first line of defence, which is the skin. For instance, a ventilator or catheter, which is a flexible tube inserted through a narrow opening into a body cavity, duct or vessel. An example of this is when a catheter is used within the bladder to allow drainage and elimination of fluid, therefore diligent hand hygiene is the most proficient way in reducing transmission of nosocomial infections during the provision of care to such
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