Infection Control

1997 Words8 Pages
The aim of this essay is to discuss and analyse the fundamental issues of infection control which underpins Adult Nursing. The topic for discussion is infection control/nosocomial infections in particular Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). There are varying degrees of the strain Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and some strains are classed as MRSA (National Health Service (NHS) Plus, 2005). Not all strains of the bacterium will cause an epidemic. Epidemic causing MRSA is classified as EMRSA, most notably EMRSA-15 and EMRSA-16, which can be more difficult to control (Department of Health (DH), 2004). However, for the purpose of this essay, the author will focus on MRSA in an acute setting, which has become a major…show more content…
Indicating, being in isolation is for patients to be away from all things that are routine and familiar. Their daily living and independence is disrupted which may evoke fear, anxiety, depression and rapid mood changes. Although being isolated can have a negative impact on patients, most patients welcome the thought of being isolated, so they can have a restful night and more privacy. Madeo (2001) and Wilkens et al (1988) cited by Madeo (2003) found that patients admitted to an infectious disease unit do not develop any deleterious mental changes attributed to isolation, and found that a number of patients preferred the solitude of isolation as they were guaranteed a good nights sleep. Therefore, a part of the nurse’s role may incorporate a couple of nursing theories, to ensure the patient’s needs are met. For the psychological aspect, the Abdellah’s nursing theory is appropriate. George (2002) states Abdellah’s Nursing Theory emphasizes delivering nursing care for the whole person to meet the emotional and social needs of the patient. Therefore, encouraging family and friends to visit, while providing education on how to protect them and may alleviate the patient from being anxious, and patients continued progress to recovery. Neuman’s nursing theory suggest addressing the psychological affects of HAI or the threat of acquiring an infection is that the best defence is offence, tackle the situation before there is a situation.
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