Infectious Disease

1151 WordsDec 17, 20125 Pages
Hepatitis Cancer Patient Information Glenda Aldape HCA/240 December 6, 2012 Pukar Ratti Hepatitis B is the most common liver infection in the world. Worldwide, about 350 million people are chronic carriers of HBV (Hepatitis B Virus), among these carriers, more than 620,000 die from liver-related diseases each year. In the United States, hepatitis B mainly affects adults aged between 20-50 years. About 800,000 to 1.4 million Americans are chronic hepatitis B virus carriers, and the disease causes about 3,000 deaths each year. The good news is that infection with HBV is usually preventable because there is an effective vaccine. Use of the vaccine has resulted in an 82% decrease in the number of new infections reported in the United…show more content…
Adults are more likely to develop symptoms than children. For those who do get sick, symptoms usually develop within 1 to 4 months after exposure to the virus. The initial symptoms are often similar to the flu. Common symptoms of hepatitis B include: Appetite loss, Feeling tired, Nausea and/or vomiting, Itching all over the body, Pain over the location of the liver (on the right side of the abdomen, under the lower rib cage), Jaundice (a condition in which the skin and the whites of the eyes turn yellow in color), Dark urine (the color of cola or tea), and Pale-colored stools (grayish or clay colored). Acute hepatitis B usually resolves on its own and does not require medical treatment. If very severe, symptoms such as vomiting or diarrhea are present; the affected person may require treatment to restore fluids and electrolytes. There are no medications that can prevent acute hepatitis B from becoming chronic. If a person has chronic hepatitis B, they should see their health care provider regularly. Acute hepatitis B infection is not treated with antiviral medications. If the infected person is dehydrated from vomiting or diarrhea, a doctor may prescribe IV fluids to help them feel better. Medications may also be used to control these symptoms. People with mild symptoms can be cared for at home. Antiviral agents, while the best therapy known for chronic hepatitis B, do not work in
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