Infective Endocarditis Case Study

Decent Essays
Since it has been determined by researchers that causative agents of infective endocarditis play a major role in treatment, it is important to know what exact causes those are. In a study by Zauner et al. (2013), “IE-causing pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus, viridans streptococci, enterococci, streptococci, coagulase-negative staphylococci, and miscellaneous pathogens” (637). Depending upon the organism that infects the heart, there are different outcomes. For example, those infected by staphylococcus aureus suffered noticeably higher sepsis rates, or severe blood infections. S. aureus also tended to cause more cases of emboli activity, or blockages in the bloodstream. In contrast, other organisms affected the body differntly. On…show more content…
For many patients, surgery is performed on the damaged valves. Surgery types differ for each individual depending upon which valves were affected, how severely they were infected, and if valves had previously been replaced artificially. Before surgery, patients must undergo a series of strenuous tests and careful assessments to be sure he or she qualifies for surgery. In a particular study, several patients were able to undergo valve replacement surgery. In a specific study, following surgery, patients spent time in a rehabilitation center and had frequent, regular check-ups with the health care team. Thankfully, 90% of patients that survived the surgery had significant improvements. Limited functioning was only prevalent in 10% of the post-surgery group. In total, there were 80 people in the study, and ten of them died. Few passed away before and during surgery, while 7 of them died within one month after surgery (Rostagno et al., 2011). Factors that were related to death were: old age, lack of function in the left ventricle, and intense body wide infection. Overall, it has been concluded that the survival rate after surgery is rather high (70-85%) with a low chance of recurrence (Rostagno et al.,
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