Infertility: Menstrual Cycle and Cell Nuclear Transfer

1526 WordsAug 26, 20057 Pages
Infertility is the inability or failure to conceive after a year of regular intercourse without contraception. There are two categories to classify infertility, primary and secondary. Primary infertility occurs in women who have never conceived while secondary infertility occurs in women who had a previous conception. Affecting about one in six couples, there are many causes of infertility. A little more than half of cases of infertility are attributed to female conditions. Female conditions include ovulatory dysfunction, tubal or pelvic factors, cervical problems and uterine factors. However, that does not rule out other conditions as well. These include the male factors and unexplained infertility. Male factors are pretesticular causes,…show more content…
The most effective way of treating ovulation dysfunction is to find the cause of it, but medication to help restore the balance of hormones is also available. This includes clomiphene citrate, an oral medication, to help stimulate and increase the amount of FSH and LH released. It helps to induce ovulation and also regulate periods. Another medication is gonadotropins, an injectable medication, consisting of pure FSH and LH. It causes multiple fertilizable eggs, sometimes resulting in the woman becoming pregnant with more than one child and the success of this treatment depends on the woman's age. To find the cause of anovulation is the best way to treat it as medication is available to treat some of the causes. One way which can be considered to solve infertility problem is human cloning. The definition of cloning is the creation of genetically identical copy of an individual. One way of doing that is through somatic cell nuclear transfer(SCNT), stem cell-based cloning. In performing SCNT, the nucleus of an unfertilized egg cell is removed in a process called enucleation under a microscope with micromanipulators. Secondly, the nucleus of a somatic cell which can be obtained from skin, heart, brain and many other areas is implanted into the enucleated egg cell. In order to activite embryonic development in the cell, an electric pulse is applied. There are two possible outcomes, the now developing cell is
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