Inflation Is The Rate Of Increase For Goods And Services

1516 Words Apr 11th, 2016 7 Pages
Inflation is the rate of increase in prices for goods and services. A rise in inflation decreases the purchasing power of money, meaning consumers would have to pay more for a product than they would have had to a year earlier. It is widely accepted that there are two types of inflation, demand-pull inflation and cost-push inflation. Demand-pull inflation is triggered by demand surpassing the economy’s ability to produce those goods and services required to satisfy demand. Cost-push inflation occurs when prices increase due to a rise in production costs. This leads to a fall in aggregate supply meaning a rise in the price of goods and services. (Boundless).The government believes it is vital to have low inflation and the target has been 2% for many years. Inflation influences other key economic policies such as employment, the interest rate and exchange rate. (BBC business). Inflation is measure by the Office for National Statistics, there are two methods of measuring Inflation, consumer price index (CPI) and retail price Index (RPI), the primary objective of each method is to calculate the changes in the price of products in a basket. Both have over 700 items assigned to their basket, what differentiates both is that the RPI basket also includes housing costs such council tax, mortgage interest payments as well as state benefits and pensions (The Telegraph). The basket is updated annually, items are brought in or taken out depending on consumer spending patterns, this is to…
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