Influence Of Language And Power On The Formation Of Identity Essay

784 WordsApr 24, 20164 Pages
The influence of language and power in the formation of identity can be well understood through discussion of English as a World language, the most dominant language in the world. In relations to world Englishes, Kachru, (1997) proposed three circles: Inner, Outer, and Expanding circle. The inner circle refers to norm providing with 375 million native speakers. It refers to the countries where English is spoken as the primary language of majority of the populations (ENL). Kachru (1997) emphasizes that UK, USA, New Zealand, Canada and Australia are the countries where English is spoken as a native language. The outer circle refers to norm developing with 350-450 million English as a second language speakers (ESL). It refers to those countries where English is used as an important and official language. According to Kachru (1997) these countries are ‘ex-colonies’ of Britain and the USA. Countries like India, the Philippines, Malaysia, and Nigeria use English as a second language. These countries serve their important business, official and international affairs in English. The extended circle refers to norm developing with 750 million English as foreign or International language speakers (EFL or EIL). It refers to those countries where English is spoken as a foreign language. Kachru (1997) identifies Bangladesh, Pakistan, China, Japan, Indonesia, and Middle East as EFL (English as a foreign language) countries. In these countries English is not used strongly but taught and
Open Document