Influences Of Social Bonds And Perceived Social Expectations On Adolescent Deviant Behavior Essay

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Influences of Social Bonds and Perceived Social Expectations on Adolescent Deviant Behavior Although juvenile arrest rates have declined by 65% from 1996 to 2014 (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 2015), juvenile delinquency is undoubtedly still a concern for practitioners, communities, and policy-makers in the United States. Seeking explanations of adolescent delinquency is a continuing quest by the social sciences to aid prevention and intervention efforts. Several quests have narrowed in on Social Bond Theory (Hischi, 1969), a foundation in the social sciences to explain deviant behavior, which has stemmed considerable research. This study is also concerned with perceived social expectations, as it is likely youth take their social relationships into consideration before engaging in certain acts. However, research on perceived social expectations and delinquency is sparse. Social Bond Theory Travis Hirschi (1969) believed in the Hobbesian assumption that all humans are intrinsically animalistic in nature and therefore possess impulses that provide reasonable explanation of the motivation to commit criminal or deviant acts. He argues that explaining delinquency falls not to the question of why some people commit crimes but rather to why some people conform and do not commit crimes. Social Bond Theory, later known as Social Control Theory, sought to explain this conformity. Contributing to the framework of control theories, which assume delinquency is

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