In two years between 1918 and 1919, A pandemic of influenza swept mercilessly over the planet, killing millions which stood in its path. Miraculously, the exact origin of the pandemic is unclear. What is exceedingly clear, however, is that often the actions of man aided in the spread of the virus, whether due to inadvertent endangerment, close quarters, religious principles, or failure to recognize the true threat that influenza posed.
Health care governments have endorsed an assortment of vaccination policies and mediations to safeguard against the known dangers of influenza communication, with longer patient stays, absenteeism, intermissions in health care, and death. Studies assessing the consequence of health care workers vaccination found that health care workers influenza vaccination was linked with a decrease in patient death (Murana, 2014). Assessing the results of health care worker influenza vaccination on patient results anticipated that if all health care workers were vaccinated, patient influenza infections could be stopped.
For the past ten years, we at Virginia Mason Medical Center have been implementing mandatory influenza vaccination. This is due to the flu vaccination being able to reduce flu illnesses and prevent flu-related hospitalizations. According to the Center for Control and Disease (CDC, 2014) during 2012-2013, an estimated 45% of the U.S population got vaccinated, helping to prevent an estimated 6.6 million flu-related illness, with 3.2 million flu-related medical visits, almost 80,000 hospitalizations and roughly $87 billion dollars in total economic burden. Influenza is extremely contagious and each year on an average 5%-20% of the U.S population get the flu with tens of thousands die from a flu-related illness. Therefore, many health cares setting along with Virginia Mason Medical Center is mandating all their healthcare workers to get the influenza vaccination. Consequently, making annual influenza vaccination requirement for healthcare workers a continuing and debatable health topic. The potential of getting the vaccination have great benefits to healthcare professionals, their patients, and their families by
The Great Influenza is a book not many enjoy. However, Dr. Petri enjoys this book for reasons that are lost to many. The book starts off on part one chapter 1 the Warriors. it starts off with imagery of September 12, 1876 talking about it crowd in an auditorium in Baltimore’s Academy of music. this was too launch John Hopkins University where they say they would change all of American education and in this first page you meet Thomas H. Huxley an English scientist who is the keynote speaker of this event. then give me George Armstrong Custer who “led the seventh Cavalry to with the stretching at the hands of him video savages resisting encroachment of the white man.” customer had spoke on the front page of the Washington star. then the book starts going deeper into detail
The first alternative, to such a policy includes immediate dismissal of any staff that refuse to comply regardless of being directed that it is a requirement (Brady, 2013). According to Brady et al. (2013), policies that dismiss staff who do not comply usually have higher rates of compliance. The second alternative, includes work restrictions for the unvaccinated workers during Influenza season and an overall increase in insurance premiums (Vaughan & Arsneault, 2014). This option would deter the spread of the virus in the infected to the uninfected because of the limited point of exposures to the source. The unvaccinated healthcare worker would therefore, be subjected to working fewer hours and face higher
A URI or Upper Respiratory Infection is also known as the common cold. There are several types of viruses that can contribute to a URI. When the body notices that there is a foreign virus, it begins to increase the mucus production, swelling in your nose which makes it hard to breathe, sneezing and coughing. The best way to prevent colds is by keeping away from other people that may already be sick, hand hygiene, sanitize your area throughout the day. Treatment for the common cold is simply based on what symptoms you have. Antibiotics cannot cure a cold. There are some medications that can help relieve symptoms but it will not make them go away.
Describe two innate (nonspecific) immune responses that might prevent an influenza virus from causing any noticeable infection, even if the virus enters your respiratory passages.
Flu season is upon us and influenza has hit our area particularly hard this year. The flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and lungs that spread from person to person through sneezing and coughing. The flu can also be spread surfaces when infected people touch surfaces such as door knobs, shopping carts, computer keyboards, countertops, etc. Symptoms of the flu include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Though it can be difficult to avoid the flu entirely, there are things you can do to protect yourself and your household from getting the flu by following these steps at home. Continue these steps daily throughout the flu season.
Being able to help out at the Flu Clinic was such a great opportunity. It was my first time getting to put a needle into someone and it was not as scary as I thought it would be. It was definitely intimated at first but after the first inject, it was smooth sailing after that. I thought it was funny that we encountered one or two people that was afraid of having a nursing student giving them the flu shot, and I completely understand it. It is scary to have a nursing student who may not have experience giving a shot before because you are not sure if he/she doing it right or not. However, I am very happy for those who were please with us giving them the Flu shot.
Around 5 million people worldwide are affected annually by the influenza A virus (IAV), with infection resulting in severe morbidity and sometimes death. Although effective IAV vaccines exist, annual influenza epidemics occur due to its ability to quickly evolve new strains. Therefore, IAV remains a serious public health threat as evidenced by the recent pandemics involving swine H1N1 and avian H7N9. Thus, there is a vital need to develop more effective vaccines against influenza. Normally, vaccines function by priming the immune system to recognize a pathogen so that the body can more easily identify and eliminate it upon a second encounter. This protective immunity relies on receptors in the innate immune system such as the pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and retinoic acid inducible gene I (RIG-I). In contrast, Nod-like receptors (NLRs) sense cellular damage as a result of infection and engage the inflammasome. Inflammasomes are multiprotein complexes that stimulate the secretion of inflammatory cytokines. Recent work by Pang et al. examined the relevance of host recognition of viral PAMPs versus virus-inflicted damage in linking innate recognition of IAV to adaptive immunity. Mediation of adaptive immunity to IAV is attributed to production of interleukin-1α (IL-1α) and IL-1β, cleavage products of the inflammatory cytokine IL-1. Pang et al. provided evidence that induction of an adaptive CD8+ T cell response did not depend on PRRs
Influenza strikes each winter in the United States. In 2014, influenza and pneumonia were listed as one of the top fifteen leading causes of death with more than 55,000 deaths occurring nationally (Kochanek, 2016, p. 43). Ohio Christian University has a goal to decrease the incidence of flu-related illnesses on campus and improve the health of students both on and off campus over the winter months.
Natalie informed members that clarification has been provided where the Prevnar 13 will be given first then Pneumo23 vaccine. This is forthcoming for the next influenza season by Alberta Health in August 2016.
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It is a severe influenza (flu) season and the number of patients arriving with the flu are high. What are five steps for preventing the flu from spreading to “healthy” patients in the waiting room? How will you ask MA, ensure you don’t get sick from the patients? Is having a flu policy for patients a good idea?