Info 1410 Tutorial 4

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INFO 1410 Tutorial 4 1 What are the advantages of using a glass substrate for a magnetic disk? Improvement in the uniformity of the magnetic film surface to increase disk reliability. A significant reduction in overall surface defects to help reduce read/write errors. Ability to support lower fly heights (described subsequently). Better stiffness to reduce disk dynamics. Greater ability to withstand shock and damage Explain the difference between a simple CAV system and a multiple zoned recording system For the constant angular velocity (CAV) system, the number of bits per track is constant. An increase in density is achieved with multiple zoned recording, in which the surface is divided into a number of zones, with zones farther from the…show more content…
Thus, the capacity of a track and the rotational delay both increase for positions nearer the outer edge of the disk. 12 What differences between CD and DVD account for the larger capacity of the latter? 1. Bits are packed more closely on a DVD. The spacing between loops of a spiral on a CD is 1.6 µm and the minimum distance between pits along the spiral is 0.834 µm. The DVD uses a laser with shorter wavelength and achieves a loop spacing of 0.74 µm and a minimum distance between pits of 0.4 µm. The result of these two improvements is about a seven-fold increase in capacity, to about 4.7 GB. 2. The DVD employs a second layer of pits and lands on top of the first layer A dual-layer DVD has a semireflective layer on top of the reflective layer, and by adjusting focus, the lasers in DVD drives can read each layer separately. This technique almost doubles the capacity of the disk, to about 8.5 GB. The lower reflectivity of the second layer limits its storage capacity so that a full doubling is not achieved. 3. The DVD-ROM can be two sided whereas data is recorded on only one side of a CD. This brings total capacity up to 17 GB. 13 Explain serpentine recording The typical recording technique used in serial tapes is referred to as serpentine recording. In this technique, when data are being recorded, the first set of bits is recorded along the whole length of the tape. When the end of the tape is reached, the heads are repositioned to record a new track, and the

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