Informatics And Its Multiple Tools

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As technology evolves and it is widely applied in medical practice, the need for informatics and its multiple tools increases every day. Enhanced communication, sharing of information and knowledge, telehealth and biomedical equipment are only some of the areas that informatics is involved. Informatics utilizes the power of technology to turn information data into knowledge that people can use in their everyday lives. Using computing, informatics is applied to solve problems in healthcare, education, privacy, security, poverty, and challenges in our environment. Informatics is defined as “a combination of computer science, information science and medical science” (Graves and Corcoran, 1989) to help in the management and support of every…show more content…
Its elements are defined as follows: data, information, knowledge and wisdom. Data are facts gathered through observation with very little interpretation such as patient’s medical diagnosis or living status (alone or with family). Information is interpreted data created by combining different information entities into a relevant picture. Knowledge is already synthesized information with clearly defined relations and interactions (Matney et al., 2011). It is a result of a process of discovering relationship patterns between different units of information. Knowledge is very important because such information combinations might reveal additional risks a patient might face when for example his circumstances change (discharge home from hospital). Wisdom is “an appropriate use of knowledge to manage and solve human problems” (American Nurses Association, 2008; Matney et al., 2011; it means to know when and how to use the knowledge and it implies ethics in knowing why a medical professional should implement one or another procedure or method keeping in mind the unique needs of his patients. Utilizing wisdom, a nurse chooses a tailored to each patient approach using clinical judgment. There is a constant flow between these four concepts of DIKW; there are no strict boundaries
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