Davies P. (2004). What's This India Business?: Offshoring, Outsourcing, and the Global Services Revolution. London: Nicholas Brealey International.
Information is a key factor that plays a large role in the day-to-day activities within the health care sector. It is generated and processed by healthcare providers, such as physicians, nurses and hospitals as they provide care to their patients. However, managing that information and using it productively poses an ongoing challenge. It is especially challenging in the complexity of the U.S. health care sector, with its many different types of providers, services and settings for care (Congressional Budget Office, 2008). Information and communication Technologies (ICT) has the potential to greatly increase the effectiveness and efficiency of the health sector by assisting healthcare providers with managing information. It also has the potential to lead to better cost-efficiency in the health sector.
At the time of development of globalization there were many concerns about its benefits. However, it has brought significant changes in all segments of human life and International business is one area in which it contributed heavily (Reich, 1998). Companies all over the world are currently formulating their business strategies mainly after considering the trends in global market instead of domestic market. Outsourcing and offshoring are some of the new business principles emerged in this world after the implementation of globalization (Samimi and Jentabad, 2014). The core of these new business concepts is to exploit the business opportunities in overseas countries as much as possible (Samimi and Jentabad, 2014).
The IT Service industry has expanded rapidly. Many companies worldwide have made the decision to outsource this industry to offshore companies. Worldwide demand has increased growth to 40 to 50 percent on an annual compounded rate basis. Many developing nations like Latin America and Asia have made an attempt to obtain some of the IT offshoring business from countries like the United States because it is seen as not only a source for
In light of recent growth of domestic and foreign countries outsourcing and off shoring over seas, companies been taken advantage of the cheap labor cost for outsourcing and off shoring manufacturing. Competitive business investing in domestic and foreign manufacturing have affects every part of the business industries from design, software development, finances and logistic management, i.e., customer and sales. Nevertheless, outsourcing been praised by businesses for outcomes of cost-effectiveness, efficient, productive and strategic, but damned as malicious, because of companies’ greediness, detrimental, and brutal in the public eyes.
Here researchers examined the selected countries like India, china, Brazil and Russia. He mainly found that there is continuous rise in outsourcing revenue for global sourcing, and he found that the BPO will overtake ITO within five years. The latest trend is multi-sourcing. They also found that India is still holding the clear lead as the preferred destination for outsourced services both BPO and IPO. The dollar value of the Chinese industry itself is twice that of India’s (Carmel et al, 2008). The captive centers are wholly owned by subsidiaries located in offshore location that that perform work for parent companies. The captive center use the strategies to change the way of offshore assets are utilized. One of the strategy used by captive center is pursuing a hybrid strategy here the captive outsource units of work to a local service provider. These captive centers still work for the parent companies but they outsource their work or insource the work. By doing these the captive centers can focus on the value adding services and their core services by doing these reduction in the cost can be done. There is also risk associated with these type strategy like non completion of contract, reduction in quality of service or goods
According to Corbett, trace back to the early 1990s, outsourcing came into practice for the first time. It was a time when severe depression covered around the U.S. and even those most competitive of its businesses suffered significantly. “Companies used outsourcing then to help streamline their operations and to regain their competitive strength. The result was an unprecedented period of economic growth during the latter half of the 1990s. as we enter the mid-2000s, today’s challenges may be even more pressing than those of a decade ago.” (Corbett, 15) It is the general result rather than a snapshot combined by a few specific evidences. This short revision objectively indicates that offshore outsourcing is not that threatening as proponent claimed. Organizations has benefited from this practice. And that is the reason offshore outsourcing continued and developed. History is a giant that people can stand on its shoulder. In the background of Globalization, information technology plays an important role. In the past, offshore outsourcing has contributed to the growth and development in the manufacture industry, as a sub category of offshore outsourcing, IT projects offshore outsourcing can also contribute a lot to the growth and development in the IT
For years the U.S. has seen explosive growth in the offshoring of services to many locations around the world. Many organizations are taking advantage of these opportunities because of the benefits to them and their customers. In order to compete with other companies many businesses are finding it necessary to outsource to other countries. Offshoring has produced some economic benefits but it has also created problems such as, work performed in remote areas that fail to meet quality standards, exploitation of workers, and lower environmental standards, especially in developing countries. These
Offshoring has its advantages as well as it disadvantages, as most business decisions do. It is the weighing of those two leverages that make the debate of offshoring such a conflict. Offshoring reaps many benefits for companies. For starters, offshoring allows companies to stream their productions globally. With this they may then begin to cut cost of goods to a lower rate to increase the demand, a plus for both the company and it’s consumers. This investment also acquires new customers and even puts the companies into new market
Offshoring is the practice of relocating business processes to lower cost locations outside the country of origin. This is not a new practice for companies in the United States. Moving business processes to another country to take advantages of lower operating costs and cheap labor seems like a great idea. However, the dilemma for a company is whether the benefits of offshoring outweigh the risks. This dissertation will begin by briefly reviewing the history of offshoring. Next, it will examine the various advantages and disadvantages associated with offshoring. Thirdly, it will explore the growing trends of backshoring and nearshoring in situations where
Information technology (IT) industry is expanding worldwide starting with western IT firms conducting its operations in various countries with the help of offshore sourcing. IT offshoring is economically benefiting to source IT operations from the countries, which incurs low cost to develop software (Carmel & Tjia, 2005). Cultural differences may look like barrier for the regular operations in the offshore countries, but it can offer skilled operators and engineers to ensure quality output. The distance, politics, and business models can allow diverse issues to be addressed on a regular basis, which may create hindrances to control the operations related to the projects. Numerous advantages are triggered from cost advantages,
Many developed countries have been outsourcing as a result of which, it has become a common act. Global outsourcing became majorly popular amongst organizations since the introduction of communicational advancements in the late 90s. Now communication ideas and keeping a check on an outsourced office in any third world country is as easy as turning on the light. Sharing of production is not as limited as it seems that organizations now disperse various services and functions worldwide in order to take an advantage in the cost and resources of the market.
Many businesses have turns to offshoring as a way to boost their profits. The most obvious benefits of offshoring for the businesses and English-speaking destination countries are the lower wages in foreign countries such as India, China, Korea, Philippines, etc… which translates into significant savings and often, improved quality.
Information Technology is a developing technology that aims at obtaining the maximum information with minimum of resources, labor or time. According to the dictionary, Information Technology is “the study or use of electronic equipment especially computers, for storing, analysing and distribution of information of all kinds, including words, numbers and pictures.”
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is becoming remarkably prevalent in all spheres of people’s life such as social and work lives and even in our leisure activities (Thomas and Stratton, 2006). Interestingly, ICT is also penetrating in the field of education around the globe. Currently, social media has been widely debated in journal articles and conferences. The subjects, which are tackled, are mostly around raising awareness of the importance of technological tools as new platforms for promoting learners ‘independent learning, how they are embraced in pedagogy, and whether they can be utilized as new instructional tools outside the classroom. Simultaneously, the fact that social media is ubiquitous, it has attracted the attention of many researchers to examine either positive or aspects of using such tools in different settings (Paliktzoglou and Suhonen, 2014). Thus, the Algerian context is not an exception, indeed, the Algerian government has established numerous initiatives to encourage the use of ICT in every field (Boukhatem, 2015). In the following section, in fact, we will shed light on how technology is embraced within Algerian education system, followed by its strengths and weaknesses in teaching and learning languages.