Data Protection Act 1998 – gives individuals the right to know what information is held about them, and those that processes personal information must comply with eight principles, which makes sure that personal information is fairly and lawfully processed; processed for limited purposes; adequate, relevant and not excessive; accurate and up to date; not kept for longer than is necessary; processed in line with your rights; secure; not transferred to other countries without adequate protection;
Privacy is defined and interpreted differently depending on the person or persons involved. The one thing that is agreed upon is that privacy in all forms is a right and shall receive equal protection for all people under the laws of the constitution. This includes the right to our personal affairs to be let alone, financials, medical records, opinions, privacy of worship, privacy in our homes and intimate interactions. However right to privacy extends far beyond our personal lives and information being left alone and out of the public eye. In the past privacy was not something that was thought of so
The data protection act- the data protection act is legislation put in place to keep personal data confidential. It can promote anti-discriminatory practice as it can stop people finding out information about individuals that the individual wants to stay private. E.g. phone numbers and addresses. These would need to stay private so people don’t find out where you live or what is wrong with you.
According to both HIPPA and HITECH, an organization must have policies and procedures in place to enforce data storage integrity. This means the organization must take measure to protect healthcare information from an unauthorized user and there must be a way to successfully retrieve any and all patient information in the health information system. By doing so, the organization is ensuring integrity, inadvertent disclosure and availability of their records (Hawkins, 2013).
With today’s advancement in technology, most hospitals have developed a data security plan to ensure that patient data is being handled correctly and is only viewed by authorized personnel. Hospitals can keep unauthorized personnel from viewing patient information by setting up individual passwords (Wager, Lee, & Glaser, 2013) only allowing those employees to view the patient’s information for them to complete their job task. When an employee is entering information into the system, it needs to be in real time as much as possible to keep human errors from occurring and for a correction to be made there will need to be a note attached to
"There is no explicit mention of privacy in the United States Constitution. But the courts have found a constitutional basis for privacy rights in the broad sense of freedom from interference in certain intimate realms of personal life. This is based on the protection of individual liberty from government interference in the Fourth, Fifth and Fourteenth amendments to the Constitution. 3 The First Amendment protection of the freedoms of speech, assembly, religious practice, and so on, could also be seen as privacy protection in this sense. On the other hand, the right to free speech could be used to defend someone who invaded the privacy of others by publishing or disclosing their personal information.
Protects records that can be retrieved by personal identifiers such as a name, social security number, or other identifying number or symbol. An individual is entitled to access to his or her records and to request correction of these records if applicable.
Accurately record information keeping is important to safeguard service user and colleagues from harms, that is writing down times, dates and explanations of incidents and always
152), private information is managed through five guiding principles. The first of these principles is that people believe they own and have a right to control their private information, i.e. information about them is confidential and secure. For example, if one furtively struggles with a tangible or cognitive disorder, is solely the responsibility of the owner to share or disclose the nature and/or particulars of the disorder. Second, private information is controlled through the use of personal privacy rules.
Information Privacy- the way in which governments or organizations handle our personal information such as our age, address, sexual preference and so on.
Confidentiality of Information - All Users shall ensure that data are accessed only on a "Need to Know" basis, and any use of personal data will be consistent with the Federal 's legal requirements on personal privacy.
Individual Participation Principle: This gave individual rights on how his or her information is stored, used, shared, changed and ultimately, if they wished, forgotten. (OECD, 2013).
The proposed product is to create a payroll system. The system will allow the employer to add and delete employee profile as well as updating other information. An employee record would contain the following details but is not limited to employee name, date of birth, address, contact numbers, national insurance number, emergency contact details, medical issues, working hours, hourly rate and exemption reasons (such as sick leave, maternity leave, annual holiday). These details are confidential and some are sensitive (e.g. known disability). Therefore the employee record must be protected according to legal legislations such as Data Protection Act (1998) and Disability Discrimination Act (1995)