Essay about Information Processing Theory

1186 Words5 Pages
Information Processing Theory
Selicia Whidbee-Denmon
April 1, 2012
Tracey Morgado


Information Processing Theory
The information processing theory is a group of theoretical frame works that address how the human beings receive, think about, mentally, modify and remember information and how such cognitive processes change over the course of development. (Child development pg.186) Information processing theory emerged in the late 1950s and early 1960s and has continued to evolve in the decades that have followed. (Child development pg.186)
The five key components in the information process theory are sensation, perception, sensory register, working memory, and long-term memory.
Sensation is the physiological
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Then the information goes to working memory, which allows that active information to stay around for a few seconds. After that, in-depth processing begins making connections between new information and existing knowledge through rehearsal, organization, and elaboration. Last is the long-term memory which now stores the information for retrieval at a later day and time. Input from the environment is what keeps information going in the model.
As a child grows, the child’s information becomes more complex, the distractions start to decrease and the attention span becomes longer. Children begin to process more and more and faster.
The information process theory is used by researchers to study cognitive development in children. They have focused on areas such as the gradual improvements in children’s ability to take in information and focus selectively on certain parts of it and their increase attention spans and capacity for memory storage. (Ken R. Wells,
Infants-two years old
As babies come into the world, they learn to use their senses to explore the world around them. Most newborns focus on and follow objects. Babies also see all colors, then they start recognizing faces and they also start imitating facial expressions of others. My four month old baby did see the different objects and tried to reach out to them. When he sees something new, he will touch it and then try to put it in his mouth. Or when he
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