Information Storage And Management System

1373 Words Jan 15th, 2016 6 Pages
Introduction
With the development of technology, information storage and management have been vital of importance. Information effectiveness and efficiency are determined by how well data is organised and processed. The term ‘data’ have been widely employed in different human activities, including science, business, education, law and the like. Here, data is a means for representation of facts, concepts, and instructions in order to communicate (Sumathi & Esakkirajan 2007). Nevertheless, if data management is ineffective, and relevant information cannot be found quickly, a large amount data will become a liability rather than an asset of an organisation; thus, tools used for data management give rise to the occurrence of database management systems (DBMSs) (Ramakrishnan & Gehrke 2000). ‘A database is a large, persistent, integrated collection of dynamic data that provides more operations to describe, establish, manipulate, and access the data’ (Bergholt et al. 1998, p. 7). ‘A database management system (DBMS) is software designed to assist in maintaining and utilizing large collections of data’, in which users can input data, share data, edit data, manipulate data in the database (Ramakrishnan & Gehrke 2000, p. 3). Since different users adopt DBMSs to share data and process resources, different databases are needed to meet various needs. Therefore, different data models are developed for improving information quality. Also, ‘data models have a crucial impact on the…
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