Information Systems And Aquatic Sciences

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¬GIS and Aquatic Sciences Abstract This report reviews the usefulness and applications Geographic Information Systems have in the world of aquatic sciences. GIS uses a variety of tools, sensors and satellites to monitor and mitigate issues in multiple fields of aquatic science. Scientist track movement patterns of fish, growth rate of submersed aquatic vegetation and much more relatable data and determine locations of concern. 'agencies like the US Geological Survey (USGS), US Fish and Wildlife Service and many other federal agencies use GIS to aid in their conservation efforts. Introduction Maps are used everywhere and show a large variety of information on many different subjects. GIS (Geographic information systems) is a key…show more content…
They are essential to wetland communities since they provide food and habitat for the wildlife and regulate the water chemistry. Given the importance of their impact on the environment, it is essential that they be monitored and managed. Also along with the good they do, Macrophytes can also hinder human activity by clogging reservoirs, reducing water availability, and obstructing boat propellers, reducing access to the shoreline. Monitoring and managing aquatic macrophytes can be a challenge. mapping wetlands are found in diverse geographic areas ranging from small streams to large open water environments. Not only does the size and shape make things difficult, but the type and spatial distribution of wetlands can change dramatically from season to season. To make it easier ecologist employ GIS and digital data based technologies for cumulative impact assessment, spatial resource modelling and landscape pattern evaluation. A great example for the use of how GIS can be used for the monitoring of macrophytes would be the management of Lake Marion, South Carolina. Lake Marion is a large reservoir that has been of ecological studies to improve the lakes water quality and natural wildlife while still being used by humans for recreational purposes and to supply hydroelectric power. There has been an excessive amount of macrophyte growth found in the lake and long term impacts should be
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