Information Technology and Its Implication on Hr Strategies

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The chapter examines the background of the study, statement of the problem, objectives of the study, research questions, significance of the study, scope of the study, limitations of the study and conceptual framework adopted for the study.

1. Background of the Study

SOS Children’s Village is a private non-political social welfare organization whose primary goal is to provide permanent homes and education to orphaned and abandoned children. SOS Children’s Villages was founded by Hermann Gmeiner who after witnessing the suffering of children in the second world war established the first SOS CV in Imnst, Austria. Currently there are 450 SOS Children’s Villages worldwide in over 132 countries. The
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Such arrangements challenge both our legal and social definitions of organizations as business practice outpaces legal and regulatory policy-especially in areas such as internal competitiveness and trade, intellectual property, privacy, security, family, community, education and culture (Applegate, 2003).

These rapid changes call for rapid, revision and overhaul of HR strategies. The HR executives have a big challenge in ensuring that the HR strategies are tailored in such a way as to embrace these technological advances. The types of opportunities pursued by an organization and the technology employed strongly influence the approach taken to developing, operating and managing IT especially in formulating and implementing HR strategies. As IT infrastructure becomes more standardized, modular and scalable, a shift in IT investment priorities and decisions from a cost-avoidance, project centered approach to an asset- based strategic option approach and these impacts on HR strategies.

The implication of IT on HR strategies is diverse since HR strategies flow from business strategies. A business strategy such as obtaining competitive advantage leads to emerging of HR strategies e.g. performance management, reward strategy and employee resourcing strategy. Thus ICT can be used effectively to source, develop and retain competent employees, reward them
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