Informed Consent

2410 Words10 Pages
Mark A. Puno

Instructor: Craig Bartholomaus

English 102

27 March 2013

Informed Consent

What is an informed consent? What do we know about it? Where did it come from? What purpose does it serves? These days, there is a variance in what informed consent means. Its definition depends on what specific manner it accentuates in accordance with the pertinent setting of application. The American Medical Association (AMA) has definitions on a clinical setting and on the field of research. However it is defined, informed consent was the product of a period of work and experience.

Informed consent is the cornerstone of human subject research protection. (Rowbotham et al.)

The principles of informed
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HeLa cells are considered the first immortal human cells ever grown in culture – they divide indefinitely and that is what sets them apart from other cell lines. HeLa cells have been used in various important medical research, i.e. cancer research, culturing and growing cells, cloning, gene mapping, and development of vaccines. The most recognized vaccine created is the polio vaccine. HeLa cells also helped found or create the field of Virology – the study of viruses. However, Henrietta Lacks’ and her HeLa cells story is far more about her contribution to medical research, it was about the unethical process of the collection of her tissue sample and what came after it. Rebecca Skloot had written a best-selling book about her life story and her cells. (Skloot)

With human health experiments steadily exposed people to conditions beyond the boundaries of medical evidence, the United States Congress passed the National Research Act in 1974. The National Research Act then created the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. Among the Commission’s most significant work was the formulation of the Belmont Report and the Institutional Review Report. The Belmont Report is one of the primary report in health care research and ethics. The report comprises of three (3) basic ethical principles; which are justice, respect for persons,

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