Innovative Approaches Of Resistance And The Reorganization Of The Anti Apartheid Movement

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Through innovative approaches of resistance and the reorganization of the anti-apartheid movement and the African National Congress, Nelson Mandela helped bring an end to apartheid, an oppressive form of government that promoted systematic segregation and institutionalized racism in South Africa.
The Afrikaans word apartheid means separateness, and during the period of the apartheid, people were classified and separated into different racial groups where the civil and human rights of non-whites were curtailed (Clark and Worger xxi). Although apartheid started in 1948, the roots of inequality were presented years before as a result of Dutch and British control. Both countries colonized South Africa in order to control South Africa’s lucrative and, generally, untapped mining industry. South African workers, including the skilled and unskilled, were forsaken to work menial jobs and receive low wages (34). The establishment of many unfair laws allowed for the takeover to occur; these laws mark the beginning of apartheid and many more discriminatory regulations that were to come which include, but are not limited to, pass laws, laws that required non-whites to have identification that showed their right to be in certain areas, and the exclusion of the non-white vote (McCuen 17-18).
The daily lives of all South Africans were severely altered with the initiation and administration of apartheid. Even the simple things like where a person could live, type of work, or places a person

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