Innovative Building Materials

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ABSTRACT Latest innovations have developed new materials and better technologies in the field of construction. The need of the hour is the replacement of costly and scarce conventional building materials by innovative, cost effective and environment friendly alternate building materials. Here we see about the Insulating concrete forms (ICF) Fiber reinforced polymers (FRP) Structural insulated panels (SIP) By implementing these technologies gives birth to many sub level new engineering concepts. These engineering conceptual methods now days become very important, latest practically applied fields in innovative constructions. The major problem by the conventional structures due to various aspects can be resolved by incorporating…show more content…
Most forms have vertically oriented furring strips built into the forms on 6”, 8”, or 12” centres which are used to secure interior and exterior finishes. Different ICF systems also vary in the shape of the resulting concrete within the wall: "Flat" systems form an even thickness of concrete throughout the walls, like a conventionally poured wall - 3rd Generation ICF: most common "Waffle Grid" systems create a waffle pattern where the concrete is thicker at some points than others - 2nd Generation ICF: somewhat lower structural strength & fire resistance "Post-and-Beam" or "screen grid" systems form discrete horizontal and vertical columns of concrete - 1st Generation ICF: least resistance to fires Benefits Manufacturers commonly cite the following advantages compared to traditional building materials, especially in residential and light commercial construction. It needs to be said, however, that it is questionable what is meant by "traditional building materials"; this comparison apparently assumes different worst-case alternatives for each point. Minimal, if any, air leaks, which improves comfort and less heat loss compared with walls without an air barrier Thermal resistance (R-value) typically above 3 K•m²/W (in American customary units: R-17); this results in saving energy compared with uninsulated masonry. High sound absorption, which helps produce peace and quiet compared with framed walls
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