Institutional Treatment For Psychiatric Disorders

1203 WordsDec 23, 20155 Pages
The Olmstead case began in 1995 with two women, Lois Curtis and Elaine Wilson who had developmental disabilities and a history of institutional treatment for psychiatric disorders. They were voluntarily admitted at different times, to a secure unit of Georgia Regional Hospital to stabilize and administer to their immediate needs, then continued treatment on an out-patient basis which was the normal course of action for this hospital. Through clinical assessments, the treating physicians determined that each woman was able to receive appropriate supports and services in a less restrictive, community based setting. The hospital administrators moved Lois and Elaine to a state-run institution, and refused them placement in a community setting, apparently due to a lack of state funding to make this transition possible. (https://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/98-536.ZS.html) Lois, later joined by Elaine, filed a lawsuit in District Court in Northern District of Georgia, claiming that the State violated Title II of the ADA, which prohibits subjecting an individual with a disability to discrimination by reason of the disability, and the integration regulation, which seeks to eliminate segregating people with disabilities. Title II also stipulates that individuals must be placed in the least restrictive, integrated setting to meet their needs, when professionals working with the individual establish that such a placement is appropriate. Lois and Elaine were both assessed and it was
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