All the scales in the study were in farsi language version. All of them had been
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All the scales in the study were in farsi language version. All of them had been translated into farsi and normalized in Iran before.
The general background information, such as gender, age, marital status, occupation in Iran and in Austria, education, and date of arrival in Austria was aquired using interview.
Symptoms of depression and general psychopathology were measured by farsi version of Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI, Derogatis, 1993), which comprises 53 items on nine scales (somatization (a = 0.87; r= 0.68), obsessive-compulsive (a = 0.79; r= 0.85), interpersonal sensitivity (a = 0.78; r= 0.85), depression (a = 0.87; r= 0.84), anxiety (a = 0.84; r= 0.79), hostility (a = 0.79; r=…show more content… People with only MDD were included.
Depressed people with suicidal ideation were distinguished and excluded by the Iranian version of Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSSI, Steer & Beck, 1991) with answer options ranging from 0 (None) to 2 (Moderate to strong) (e.g., ‘‘Attitude toward ideation/wish”) and high test-retest reliability (r= 0.87) and Cronbach´s alpha (a= 0.95).
Qualitative data were Based on the summaries of clinical interviews with group-members(based on farsi version of Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV; Cronbach´s alpha (for Major Depressive Disorder, a= 0.89) and test-retest reliability (for Major Depressive Disorder, r= 0.52)).
Some of the Participants were randomly recruited at the Iranian psychiatrist´s practice in Vienna in the first place. But the majority of them were introduced by other participants.
At first, in addition, all the participants underwent psychiatric screening, according to which there was no acute risk of suicidal ideation and all of the participants met the diagnostic criteria of Major Depressive Disorder according to the DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, 2000). Then, the participants were randomized to: (1) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), (2) Group Cognitive Behavioral therapy (GCBT) and (3) wait-list control groups. From the final time plan shown in Figure 1, it can be