Insulin Smart Patch, A Revolution

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Insulin Smart Patch, a Revolution in Diabetic Care
Vrushabh Shah July 14, 2015
Professor Amber Doiron
BME 313: Biomaterials
Binghamton University
Diabetes has had a major impact on the lives of millions. The current treatments are invasive and sometimes unpredictable. With the human factor involved, occasionally the wrong dosage may be administered leading to adverse side effects. In an attempt to leave out the chance of human error and make the lives of those suffering from diabetes simpler, researchers at the University of North Carolina and NC State have jointly come up with a solution. The smart patch is a device the size of a penny capable of releasing insulin into capillaries using micro needles.
Diabetes affects 9.3% of the population in America. It is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States [1]. Diabetes is a disease where the body is unable to produce insulin in sufficient amounts. The insulin breaks down glucose, so without the insulin, the glucose is unable to be broken down which leads to the buildup in the blood. Without glucose metabolizing, the body will not have energy to function [2]. Treatments for diabetes has varied throughout the years. However, the one thing they all have in common is insulin replacement. Previously, animal insulin was the only solution. Now, we are able to administer human insulin using a recombinant DNA technology [4]. It is most commonly administered with a subcutaneous injection.

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