Integrated Criminological Theories

2451 Words Feb 19th, 2018 10 Pages
As the theories progressed into modern times, the theorist behind these criminological theories had only focused on one single cause behind criminality. Thanks to the work done by member of the Chicago School many of the new theories were able to further elaborate on their work. Integrating work done by scholars of the past has allowed criminologist and law enforcement agencies to get better understandings on why criminals choose the life style that they live. Theories that came about as a result of integration are: Cloward and Ohlin's differential opportunity theory, Agnew's general strain theory, and lastly Akers social learning theory. The integration of these theories by the theorist helped further elaborate on the work of the original authors and in some cases the new theories were able to fill in missing voids that the previous theorists had not taken into account.

Differential Opportunity Theory
Cloward and Ohlin, proposed the Differential Opportunity Theory, they had integrated Merton’s Strain Theory, and ideas from the writers of the Chicago School who had discovered that deviant behaviour is learned through the phenomena of cultural transmissions (Lilly, et al., 2011, pg.387).
Merton identified…
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